In 1969, on the banks of the River Nile in southern Egypt , began the process of construction of one of the most important giant projects and announced the birth of the giant company Egyptalum at Nag' a Hammady , some 100 km , north form Luxor governorate which embracing a civilization of 7000 years on its sides . The following several factors were taken into consideration when chosen Nag'a Hammady as the location of aluminum factory : The nearness of the site to the High Dam Power Transformers Station (500 kv) . Near The port of Safaga to receive alumina and green coal. Abundant manpower to start processing the site and preparing for civil and metal constructions. Neighboring community development through building schools , construction and paving of roads and extension of railway lines for the transportation of workers. Distribution of industrial projects in various governorates of the Republic for the purpose of urban expansion in the desert so as not to affect the patches of agricultural land . Development of a vital area of Upper Egypt through establishing a high-tech project in the middle of a barren desert . The development of a vital area of Upper Egypt and the vicinity of this edifice , hence , establishing of residential cities alongside the plant to provide every amenity like housing, set tree - lined avenues , hospitals , sports fields , schools , shops , a bank , a police station and post office . In 1975, the first spark was launched announcing the start of production and the rise of aluminum metal . It reached five lines in July 1983 and put info of the 6th line in October 1997. In April 2010, all production lines were rehabilitated and upgraded to pre-baked cells to reach 320,000 tons annually .